Are Gym Memberships Worth It? The Pros and Cons

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By Mike DuBose and Joel DuBose

At some point in their lives, many people join a gym or fitness club. It’s often prompted by not liking how their clothes fit or the way they look in the mirror. Some might purchase their gym memberships in preparation for a major life event like a wedding, to try a new fitness craze they’ve read about, or to tag along with friends. Others are seeking to establish a routine for a longer, happier life or to channel their stress into a healthy outlet. Doctors will also sometimes recommend that their patients start a diet and exercise regimen to combat medical concerns like high cholesterol, excessive weight, or high blood pressure.

Joining a gym can help with a host of problems, if the person is truly willing to invest the time and effort into building a healthier mental and physical life. According to the Mayo Clinic, following the right long-term exercise program at the gym can allow people to:

  • build muscle
  • improve sleep quality
  • lose fat
  • receive social stimulation
  • reduce the chances of disease and health problems
  • create positive moods
  • escape their busy, stressful lives
  • increase stamina and energy
  • enhance their sex lives
  • improve their quality of life

All of these benefits are possible, provided that you are following a vigorous exercise program that has been correctly designed, executed, and maintained over time to address your changing health and fitness needs. You should conduct this program at least 30 minutes each day for five or more days a week to achieve maximum results, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Exercise also serves a preventative role, strengthening your body and making it more resilient as you age. As reported, “Combining aerobic exercise with strength training at the gym helps your muscles, ligaments, joints and tendons remain in good shape, which will make you stronger and more flexible. This is particularly important as you age or face problems such as arthritis. You may lower your risk of falling or fracturing your hip, which may negatively impact your life, especially in your older years.”

With all these benefits, it’s no surprise that many individuals begin their fitness journey excited. They buy slick-looking gym clothes, bags, and shoes; tell their friends that they are going to make some healthy life changes; and charge into the gym ready for action! New gym memberships particularly soar in late December and early January, when many people make their New Year’s resolutions. According to the July 2015 Wall Street Journal, there are over 54 million gym and fitness memberships in the US, and the numbers are rising. Altogether, Americans spend more than $60 billion on fitness measures like gym memberships and weight loss programs each year, according to U.S. News and World Report. It’s a booming business, and one that is likely to continue growing as Americans seek to counter the nation’s ballooning obesity rate.

But although millions of people buy these memberships, far fewer are actually making use of them! In fact, according to a Mintel Survey, only one in five people who has purchased a gym membership goes at least once a month. Some studies have shown that 60-80% of gymgoers dropped their memberships or quit going within the first eight months of signing up (and most after three months!). Millions of people continue to pay for these dormant memberships despite never using them.

Why don’t these individuals take advantage of the amenities offered by their gym memberships, and why do they continue to pay for them after quitting? According to our research, there are many reasons that a person might give up on a gym or exercise program:

  • Lack of knowledge: Consumers who are new to the gym feel intimidated or puzzled by all of the different types of equipment and are lost as to where to start. They wonder, “Which exercises should I start with? How do I properly use the machines? How much weight should I lift? How long should I perform this exercise? What kind of program do I need to be doing to generate the results I want?” Although all of these questions could be answered by a certified personal fitness trainer, only about 12% of people who exercise use one of these knowledgeable coaches. Without the advice of an experienced fitness trainer, individuals are left to their own devices when exercising and may inadvertently harm themselves. As DuBose Fitness Center owner Joel DuBose noted, “As a certified personal trainer, I see many individuals in the gym sacrificing proper form for more weight (ego lifting), executing the same routines day in and day out, and most importantly, failing to have specific goals while in the gym. They think that they are working toward their objectives, but instead of progressing, they lead themselves to injury!”
  • Injury: According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), many individuals are “weekend warriors” who try to cram the recommended five weekly workouts into just Saturday and Sunday, putting excessive stress on their bodies. Others don’t know their limits and aggressively over-exercise joints, muscles, or certain body parts too frequently rather than implementing a safer, more gradual buildup. (Often, the reason for individuals using too many weights or overly exercising is to impress others.) According to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission, injuries caused by exercise and fitness equipment increased 45% over a three-year period, with the most accidents caused by treadmills. Men over the age of 50 tend to have the most mishaps. More than 45,000 exercise injuries are treated at hospitals annually, and many require surgery! Still more go unreported, and the pain they cause goes untreated. 
  • Uncomfortable gym environment: Many of us see slim females or fit males in the gym and ask ourselves in envy, “Why can’t I be like that?” When we don’t see results in a short period of time, we feel like failures and give up. Others feel intimidated by the lack of privacy working out in front of others and cannot focus fully on performing their routines correctly. Many gyms also play blaring music that makes it hard to focus or listen to guidance from trainers.  
  • Boredom: Exercise is work, and lack of knowledge can lead to doing the same things over and over. Self-guided gymgoers typically lack the variety and motivation provided by trainers, who can mix up exercises to create different, stimulating regimens.
  • Lack of habit: Research on the brain has shown that it tends to take the path of least resistance and will be “lazy” unless forced into new patterns. It’s much easier to sit on the couch, eat comfort foods, watch television, surf the Internet, text, or talk on the telephone than it is to go to the gym and work out. In his bestseller The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg reported on a New Mexico State University study of people who exercised on a regular basis. According to their findings, “92 percent of people said they habitually exercised because it made them ‘feel good’—they grew to expect and crave the endorphins and other neurochemicals a workout produced. In another group, 67 percent of people said that working out gave them a sense of ‘accomplishment’—they had come to crave a regular sense of triumph from tracking their performance, and that self-reward was enough to make the physical activity into a habit.”
  • Limited encouragement: Habits are driven by rewards, motivation, and recognition. The mind seeks positive reinforcement when different routines are created. However, many people lack someone who is at their side to tell them, “You can do it!” Involving a partner introduces accountability; you don’t want to let him or her down, so you stay involved. Unfortunately, gyms with staff members driven by commissions often discourage knowledgeable members from demonstrating proper exercise techniques to others.
  • Failure to prioritize: Most people have busy schedules, but few place exercise as a high priority. They allow other activities to fill their time, telling themselves, “I’m too busy to exercise today.” As a result, they slowly drift from an active program to not going at all!

With these factors at play, many gym memberships go unused. However, gym operators usually see this as a good thing: the fewer the people in the gym, the less crowded it is; the more parking is available; the more access to the equipment for regular users; the fewer facility supplies and utilities are needed; and all the while, cash is still coming in! In fact, to test the system, we once took out a year’s membership at a well-known gym for a low price and never attended for 12 months. Although the gym maintained electronic records of member attendance, no one ever called to encourage us to come in...until the membership was due for renewal, and then our telephones lit up with sales solicitations!

The bottom line: Exercise is good for you, and the gym is a great place to help your body and mind grow stronger. However, approach the idea of joining a gym with caution. Without proper guidance and support, you could severely harm yourself or, at the very least, lose out on some hard-earned cash. The key to success is to develop a plan, preferably with the help of someone knowledgeable who can guide you to success. Look for future articles from us on how to select a personal fitness trainer, avoid injuries, and improve your overall health through proper exercise.

About the Authors: Our corporate and personal purpose is to “create opportunities to improve lives” by sharing our knowledge, research, experiences, successes, and mistakes. You can e-mail us at

Joel DuBose is president of DuBose Fitness Center, a private gym that offers only one-on-one personal fitness training. He studied exercise science and psychology at the University of South Carolina and later served as the strengthening and conditioning coach with basketball coach Tim Whipple at Irmo High School. He is a Certified Personal Trainer with the Aerobics and Fitness Association of America and the International Association of Fitness Science.Visit for more details.

Mike DuBose, a University of South Carolina graduate, is the author of The Art of Building a Great Business. He has been in business since 1981 and is the owner of Research Associates, The Evaluation Group, DuBose Fitness Center, and Columbia Conference Center. Visit his nonprofit website for a free copy of his book and more than 100 additional business, travel, and personal published articles, including health columns written with Dr. Surb Guram, MD.